Global Forest Resources Assesment 2020
The Global Forest Resources Assessment 2020 (FRA 2020) examines the status of, and trends in, more than 60 forest-related variables in 236 countries and territories over a 30-years period (1990–2020).
30% of the global above-sea level land area is forested, which represents 4.06 billion hectares. The highest share of global forests is found in the tropical domain, and more than half of the world’s forests is in only five countries (the Russian Federation, Brazil, Canada, the United States of America and China) (Figure 1).
Figure 1 - Proportion and distribution of global forest area by climatic domain & main countries for forest area (FRA 2020)
Among the key findings of the FRA 2020, a positive message is that the rate of global forest loss is slowing due to uptake of sustainable management practices worldwide.
The FRA 2020 presents on-going global trends for, among others, forest cover, forest ownership, growing stock, carbon stock, or primary use of forests (i.e. economic, conservation or social).
State of World's Forests 2020
The State of the World’s Forests 2020: Forests, Biodiversity and People (SOFO 2020), jointly prepared by FAO and UNEP, focuses on the progress to date in meeting global targets and goals relating to forest biodiversity.
As the United Nations Decade on Biodiversity 2011–2020 comes to a close and countries prepare to adopt a post-2020 global biodiversity framework, this edition of the SOFO examines the contributions of forests, and of the people who use and manage them, to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.
World’s forests provide habitat for almost 80% of terrestrial plant and animal species. In the biodiversity they host, forest tree species are a key component. It is estimated that there are more than 60,000 different tree species, out of which almost 60% are single-country endemics (Figure 2).
Figure 2 - Forest tree species diversity (SOFO 2020)